Origin of “Resurrection”

The concept of resurrection in religions was established before Hammurabi published his Code. His father was Sin-Muballit the fifth Amorite king of the first dynasty. Balāṭu in Akkadian is “life”. An extension of the word is balluṭu: revived, reanimated, resurrected / restored to life.

Sin the Akkadian is the Sumerian Nanna, god of the moon in the Mesopotamian mythology. The two seats of worship of the moon god were Ur in southern of Mesopotamia and Harran. Sin is described in the commonstream literature as “Semitic moon god Su’en/Sin”. This is like saying Luna was a Latin moon goddess.

Sin means ‘tooth’. People didn’t smoke in prehistoric times so their teeth were supposed to be white. Age was assessed according to the growth number of teeth. ‘Sana’ in Arabic is “year” from the same root *SN. The root is directly linked to the act of giving birth to human babies *NS. From this root is ‘nasl’ “offspring”, ‘nisa’ “women”, ‘insan’ “human being” as opposed to animals.

Muballit appears to be the subject or agent “the resurrector” Sin.


Doomsday or the Day of Judgement in the Quran is the day of resurrection (yum al baath – IPA bʻ ṯ, Roum 56 twice mentioned), that is when all human beings, some 100 billion according to some, are supposed to be resurrected to be judged. Another name of Doomsday is yum al deen. Deen is Sumerian “din_gir”.

  1. U-dimmer-an-kia En-dinger-an-kia Marduk Merodach as “lord god of heaven and earth.”

The concept in Akkadian is mathematical: good deeds – bad deeds =? The word is nikkassu [NÍG.KA:] [Trade] account, property, possessions, wealth, funds, assets, statement of account [nikkassu šasā ‘ um]: to claim settlement of accounts: [nikkassu epē/āšu]: to balance accounts, to break even: [nikkassu ṣabātu]: to balance accounts, to break even [ina nikkassu šakānu]: to submit to accounting, to make something available for accounting [ina nikkassu]: at the time of accounting [rab nikkassu]: chief accountant, comptroller, administrator of property [bīt nikkassu]: counting house (Elam): result of calculation 2): [GIŠ.NÍG.KA9]: an emblem of Shamash [ūm epēš nikkassi]: the day of Judgement, Doomsday.

Nikkassu appears to be from the Yemeni root *GṢ with a category involving cement-like outside layers on mud or stone walls and white wash. *GṢ is the act of crushing white stones to produce the white wash material but used by northern Arabian with a ‘q’ substitution to mean “cut”. Cutting hands is a punishment hence ‘qaṣaṣ’. ‘nGaṢ’ is “subtract’. However if there’s consensus by speakers to mean the above it should mean just that.

Balancing accounts is a mathematical process of addition and subtraction. The day of accounts could be the end of the financial year when loss or profit is certified. The Day of Accounts in Islam is Doomsday or the day of Judgment – youm al Hissab (Ṣad 26, 53; Gafer 27).Al

Credit image: diocesan.com

About the author

Adel Bishtawi

Adel S (Said) Bishtawi was born in Nazareth, Palestine, 1945. He read English Literature at Damascus University, attended short courses of familiarisation of languages including Latin, German and Russian, and attended a course in Linguistics at the Central London Polytechnic.

Adel published more than 20 books in both English and Arabic. the last of which is Only When Desire Screams co-authored by Selvi Sado. A journalist since the late 1960s, he became Front Page Editor of Al Arab Newspaper (London), the first pan Arab Newspaper launched in Europe. In 1978, he joined Jihad Al Khazin in launching Asharq Al Awsat Newspaper (London) as Business and Supplements Editor. In 1980, he was appointed Central Managing Editor of the Emirates News Agency in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. In 1988, he joined Jamil Mrowa (who later re-launched the Daily Star in Beirut in 1996) in London for the re-launch of Al Hayat Newspaper and continued under the editorship of Jihad Al Khazin until he left in April 2001 to dedicate what is left of his time to literary and historical writing. as well as investigating origins by means of historical and etymological linguistics.

Adel produced and co-produced a number of TV documentaries. He produced, directed and wrote “Muslims along the Silk Road”, a five part-60-minutes-each documentary tracing Muslim culture and heritage and the legacy of Muslim pioneers and merchants along the Silk Road starting from China.

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